Common Cooking Measurements and Conversions

 

People often get misguided with measurements in cooking. Some often believe that because a cup is 250ml that anything that fits into that cup must weigh 250g.

 

Volume and weight are two different forms of measurements. To assume that 1 cup of something is going to weigh 250g is completely wrong. The weight of a ingredient can vary on several different things such as the density of  the product, the humidity in the air, how well it is packed in the cup etc.

 

When measuring dry or solid ingredients, dip the cup or spoon measure into the food and lift out. Use the edge of a knife to scrape across the surface removing excess ingredients so the surface is flat. When measuring liquids, place the jug onto a flat surface and check at eye level as it will appear different from standing above it.

 

Below is an approximate guideline for commonly used ingredients:

.

Cup conversions for metric & imperial measurements

Ingredient

1 cup

1/2 cup

1/3 cup

1/4 cup

breadcrumbs, dry

90g

2 3/4oz

45g

1 1/2oz

30g

1oz

25g

3/4oz

butter

250g

8oz

125g

4oz

80g

2 1/2oz

60g

2oz

cheese, shredded/grated

80g

2 1/2oz

40g

1oz

35g

1oz

25g

3/4oz

choc bits

190g

6oz

95g

3oz

70g

2 1/4oz

55g

1 3/4oz

coconut, desiccated

85g

2 3/4oz

45g

1 1/2oz

35g

1oz

20g

1/2oz

flour, plain/self-raising

150g

4 3/4oz

75g

2 1/2oz

50g

1 1/2oz

40g

1 1/2oz

rice, uncooked

200g

6 1/2oz

100g

3oz

70g

2 1/4oz

50g

1 1/2oz

sugar, brown – lightly packed

160g

5oz

80g

2 1/2oz

60g

2oz

45g

1 1/2oz

sugar, brown – firmly packed

200g

6 1/2oz

100g

3oz

70g

2 1/4oz

55g

1 3/4oz

sugar, caster

220g

7oz

115g

3 3/4oz

80g

2 1/2oz

60g

2oz

sugar, icing

150g

4 3/4oz

80g

2 1/2oz

60g

2oz

45g

1 1/2oz

 
1 Stick of butter = 113g

Metric cup & spoon sizes

Cup

Metric

1/4 cup

60ml

1/3 cup

80ml

1/2 cup

125ml

1 cup

250ml

 

Spoon

Metric

1/4 teaspoon

1.25ml

1/2 teaspoon

2.5ml

1 teaspoon

5ml

2 teaspoons

10ml

1 tablespoon (equal to 4 teaspoons)

20ml

 

Liquids

Metric

Cup

Imperial

30ml

 

1 fl oz

60ml

1/4 cup

2 fl oz

80ml

 

3 1/2 fl oz

100ml

1/3 cup

2 3/4 fl oz

125ml

1/2 cup

4 fl oz

150ml

 

5 fl oz

180ml

3/4 cup

6 fl oz

200ml

 

7 fl oz

250ml

1 cup

8 3/4 fl oz

310ml

1 1/4 cups

10 1/2 fl oz

375ml

1 1/2 cups

13 fl oz

430ml

1 3/4 cups

15 fl oz

475ml

 

16 fl oz

500ml

2 cups

17 fl oz

625ml

2 1/2 cups

21 1/2 fl oz

750ml

3 cups

26 fl oz

1L

4 cups

35 fl oz

.

Mass / weight

10g

1/4oz

15g

1/2oz

30g

1oz

60g

2oz

90g

3oz

125g

4oz (1/4 lb)

155g

5oz

185g

6oz

220g

7oz

250g

8oz (1/2 lb)

280g

9oz

315g

10oz

345g

11oz

375g

12oz (3/4 lb)

410g

13oz

440g

14oz

470g

15oz

500g (1/2 kg)

16oz (1 lb)

750g

24oz (1 1/2 lb)

1kg

32oz (2 lb)

 

 

Temperature

Celsius
(electric)

Fahrenheit

Gas

 

120º

250º

1

very slow

150º

300º

2

slow

160º

325º

3

moderately slow

180º

350º

4

moderate

190º

375º

5

moderately hot

200º

400º

6

hot

230º

450º

7

very hot

250º

500º

9

very hot

If using a fan-forced oven, the golden rule is to turn it down 20ºC and the cooking time may also be a little quicker. For example, if a recipe calls for a cake to be baked at 180ºC, turn the oven down to 160ºC.